Occupational qualification standard (OQS) is a document which describes occupational activities and provides the competency requirements for occupational qualifications and their levels.
OQS consists of three parts. Part A of the standard (description of the occupation) provides an overview of the nature of work, major units of work and tasks, necessary tools, work environment, incl. the specificities of work and describes the personal characteristics and skills enhancing occupational activities. This is a source of information for a person upon selection of an occupation and shaping his or her career path. This also contains useful information for the career advisers, labour market consultants, human resources managers and trainers.
The competence requirements presented in part B of the standard serve as a basis for the assessment of the applicant for the occupational qualification. These requirements are presented as descriptions of mandatory and optional competences. Competence is an ability to perform a specific unit of work or a task together with the knowledge, skills and attitudes required for that. Proceeding from the nature of the occupation, its specificity and traditions, attesting competences related to a specialisation or optional competences may be the prerequisite for being awarded the occupational qualification.
Part C of the standard contains general information and references to annexes.
Awarding of occupational qualifications follows the following principles:
- competence-based approach: bases for assessment of occupational qualification are real skills and knowledge;
- is voluntary, unless otherwise prescribed by law;
- assessment is separated and independent from teaching;
- takes place on the basis of person’s application;
- occupational qualification examination is for a fee.
Cook, level 4
Pyrotechnician, level 5
Waiter, level 4